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ARRL Letter


The ARRL Letter
Vol. 21, No. 09
March 1, 2002


* +ARRL takes wait-and-see approach to UWB Order
* +Lone missing application holding up vanity
* +ISS crew commander chats it up with Russian tech school
* +FCC wraps up Georgia ARRL VEC exam session probe
* +ARRL Public Service Honor Roll criteria revised
* +FCC proposes WRC-related rules changes
*  Solar Update
     This weekend on the radio
     ARRL Emergency Communications Course registration
    +Ducie Island DXpedition launch in final countdown
     Congo, North Cook and South Cook operations approved for DXCC credit
     Rare DXpeditions enjoy QSO
     More DX records set on 241 GHz
     Wisconsin SM urges hams to push for governor's signature
     QSO/Media ham radio public relations newsletter available on the Web
     Vote on QST Cover Plaque Award

+Available on ARRL Audio News



The ARRL is taking a wait-and-see approach regarding the FCC's recent First
Report & Order on the deployment of ultra-wideband (UWB) devices. The
largely untested technology has been touted by proponents as a means to
provide high-speed wireless data connections as well as for such
applications as object-penetrating imaging--all while using spectrum
occupied by existing services and without creating interference. The FCC
Order in ET Docket 98-153 was approved February 14 at an open meeting but
has not yet been released. It promotes a vision of potential UWB public
safety applications in addition to broadband Internet access.

"The FCC claims that it has exercised caution, but only time will tell
whether they have been cautious enough to avoid harmful interference to
existing services," said ARRL Executive Vice President David Sumner, K1ZZ.
"The statement that 'The FCC will act vigorously to enforce the rules and
act quickly on any reports of interference' is not reassuring to anyone who
lives in the real world."

The FCC's UWB Order will be among the items up for discussion at a meeting
of the ARRL Executive Committee March 2 in Arlington, Virginia. The EC will
study the Order's implications and consider whether it warrants further
action on the part of the League.

Wireless Internet connectivity systems are expected to be among the first
commercial UWB applications. Proposed UWB devices include a range of imaging
systems such as ground-penetrating radar, through-wall imaging systems,
medical systems, and surveillance systems.

The FCC has described the standards its Order outlines as "a cautious first
step" with UWB. For now, at least, communication uses of ultra-wideband will
be restricted to frequencies above 3.1 GHz. Amateur Radio has secondary
allocations above 3.1 GHz at 3.3-3.5 GHz and 5.65-5.925 GHz, which are
allocated to government radiolocation.

The ARRL has been part of an industry coalition that called on the FCC "as a
matter of fairness" to issue a Further Notice of Proposed Rule Making that
included proposed UWB rules and specifies emission limits before it took
action to authorize UWB equipment under Part 15. 

"We are disappointed that the FCC did not pay closer heed to the coalition's
recommendation to keep UWB above 6 GHz," said ARRL's Technical Relations
Manager Paul Rinaldo, W4RI. Although the ARRL has agreed in its formal
comments that UWB can have useful and beneficial applications, it wanted the
FCC to first establish specific rules, definitions and classes of UWB
devices as well as appropriate interference avoidance regulations. "Until we
know the specific technical characteristics and geographic distribution of
UWB devices," Rinaldo said, "it is difficult to estimate the interference
potential to amateur receiving systems."

Concerns have been expressed by the US Department of Defense, the airline
industry and cellular telephone companies about the potential of UWB devices
to interfere with the Global Positioning System (GPS). The Defense
Department said the FCC's decision to keep UWB communication applications
above 3.1 GHz will protect GPS and other critical military systems from
interference, but the DoD plans to monitor future UWB developments. 

The FCC said it intends within the next six to twelve months to review its
UWB standards and issue a Further Notice of Proposed Rule Making to "explore
more flexible standards and address the operation of additional types of UWB
operations and technology.

Since most UWB applications have not yet been made fully public, the League
plans to evaluate what effect new UWB devices could have on Amateur Radio as
they are rolled out to market. Rinaldo says the coalition partners will be
gathering evidence and field testing UWB production models as they become

ARRL's comments in the UWB proceeding are available on the ARRL Web site
Legislative and Public Affairs Manager Steve Mansfield, N1MZA, provided
information for this report


And then there was one. The FCC indicated this week that a lone missing
paper vanity call sign application filed last October is holding up the
resumption of routine vanity processing. On February 27, the FCC processed
33 vanity applications received last October 23 and 24. The following day,
it ran another 41 applications received October 25 and 26. Processing
remains stalled beyond that receipt date, however. FCC efforts, assisted by
the ARRL, to contact the elusive applicant to have the individual resubmit a
vanity application have proven more difficult than ever anticipated.

The FCC appears determined to hold off further processing until the
remaining applicant is given an opportunity to resubmit an application and,
thus, retain a place in the processing queue. Prior to this week, no amateur
vanity call signs had been granted since February 1, when applications
received at the FCC October 22, 23 and 24 were processed. The FCC later
rescinded vanity grants for October 23 and 24, however, after it realized
that it needed further information for an October 23 application. Until late
January, no vanity call signs had been issued since October 30. 

The ARRL estimates that some 2050 vanity applications now are in the FCC's
processing pipeline--the majority of them filed electronically. The FCC's
policy is to give equal processing weight to paper and electronic
applications. Some two weeks' worth of October paper vanity applications
apparently were mislaid after mail was sent off last fall for anthrax

FCC Wireless Telecommunications Bureau personnel at the FCC's Gettysburg,
Pennsylvania, office used information gleaned from payment receipts to
contact the known paper filers via e-mail or telephone to have them resubmit
copies of their vanity applications. That effort--again with ARRL help--led
to this week's vanity processing. 


International Space Station Commander Yury Onufrienko, RK3DUO, this week
chatted via Amateur Radio with students in Russia. The Amateur Radio on the
International Space Station (ARISS) contact with Kursk Technical University
took place at 0922 UTC February 28. It marked only the second ARISS QSO with
a Russian school, and the first for Onufrienko. Using the RS0ISS call sign,
Onufrienko spent the 10-minute pass answering questions in Russian from five
students at RW3WWW, the club station at the school, located some 250 miles
south of Moscow. 

"The students were very excited and happy to talk to Yury," said club
director Valery Pikkiev, RW3WW. Assisted by his son Dimitry, RA3WPS, Pikkiev
battled reception problems that may have resulted from blocking of the space
station's amateur antenna. The same problem was reported by an Italian
listener, Andrea Bonaiuto, IT9GSV.

Despite the difficulties, the contact was considered a success by the
students and a crowd of about 25 observers and reporters. The Kursk event
was the 47th ARISS school contact since the first crew came aboard the ISS
in November 2000.

Last July 4, US astronaut Susan Helms, KC7NHZ, took to the air as RS0ISS to
speak with students at the Petersburg Junior Technical Center's club
station, RZ1AWO. That QSO marked the first ARISS European school contact.

The all-ham Expedition 4 crew of Onufrienko, Carl Walz, KC5TIE, and Dan
Bursch, KD5PNU, has been able to devote only limited time to ARISS school
contacts during its duty tour. Three spacewalks during the crew's tour--two
of them including the installation of new Amateur Radio antennas on the ISS
Service Module--have eaten into time that might otherwise have been
available for such activities. Each one-day spacewalk has involved the
entire crew for more than five days. Plans had called for an average of one
scheduled school contact per week, but crew members' free time continues to
be at a premium--with a Progress rocket docking set for late March, and
space shuttle and Soyuz taxi missions in April. The crew is due to return to
Earth in mid-May. The ARISS operations team still hopes to arrange contacts
during 2002 for each of the more than 40 schools now on the waiting list.

In other ARISS news, the Expedition 4 crew installed a new packet TNC last
weekend. The packet system now is operational for the first time with a call
sign--RS0ISS. The ARISS packet uplink is 145.99 MHz; the downlink is 145.80
MHz. Amateurs are asked not to leave messages for the crew, as no computer
is attached to the system, and the crew has little time to respond to

ARISS is an international project of AMSAT, ARRL and NASA.--Gene Chapline,
K5YFL, provided information on the Kursk contact for this report


The FCC has wrapped up an investigation into apparent irregularities at five
ARRL VEC-sponsored Amateur Radio examination sessions in Georgia during 2000
and 2001. As a result of the probe, FCC Special Counsel Riley Hollingsworth
said that several examinees would be called back for Element 1 (Morse code)
retesting. In addition, the ARRL VEC has discontinued volunteer examiner
accreditation for all but two of the VEs involved. According to standard
procedure, all VEs who might have been involved were suspended after the FCC
investigation began last year.

"We have reviewed the examination documents and all relevant information,
including that provided by the volunteer examiners and applicants,"
Hollingsworth said in a February 12 letter to ARRL VEC Manager Bart Jahnke,
W9JJ. Jahnke called the apparent irregularities to the FCC's attention last
June. The issues involved both exam sessions and instructional classes.

Initially focusing on the May 19, 2001, examination session in Statesboro,
the FCC audit was expanded to cover the activities of the same group of VEs
at Georgia test sessions in Claxton on February 19 and April 15, 2000, and
in Statesboro on May 27, 2000, and February 17, 2001.

In a letter last summer to ARRL VEC, Hollingsworth said test session
documents and other information indicated "alarming discrepancies in testing
procedures." He said information before the FCC suggested that volunteer
examiners at the May 19 Statesboro session used identical exam question sets
and Morse text at several recent exam sessions in apparent contradiction of
Amateur Service rules that prohibit administration of a "compromised
examination." Hollingsworth also said it appeared that test candidates "had
been shown or had access to" the Morse code answer key and that some VEs had
taught classes using the same test editions later given at actual
examination sessions.

Hollingsworth said that as a result of the FCC probe, eight examinees who
obtained licenses as a result of the tests would be called in for Element 1
(Morse code) re-examination, if they have not already re-tested.

The ARRL VEC has withdrawn accreditation for volunteer examiners responsible
for the testing sessions at which alleged irregularities occurred as well as
those of VEs present at a February 10, 2001, instructional class. The
examiners are Ellie Waters, W4CJB; Cheryl L. Waters, W4CLW; Joanne D.
Sharpe, KF4WFN; John W. Sharpe, WA4BE; Joseph A. Horne, N4ZAJ; George B.
Grant, KF4WPU; Robert T. Jernigan, W4RTJ; Kathy L. Lanier, KD4MVY; Charles
M. Aulick, KF4MLT; and Lawrence A. Lewis, K4RRR.

The ARRL VEC reinstated two VEs suspended during the audit--Charles F.
Roberts, AI4A, and Marshall R. Thigpen Jr, W4IS.

Meanwhile, the FCC has yet to complete an audit of an ARRL VEC-sponsored
examination session in Trumbull, Connecticut, last May. Eleven VEs remain
suspended in that probe. The FCC is looking into whether one applicant had
access to a Morse code answer key or submitted an answer sheet completed
prior to the examination.


A new season for the Public Service Honor Roll (PSHR) begins May 1, when
revised qualification criteria go into effect. Published as part of the QST
Public Service column, the PSHR recognizes amateurs who demonstrate
exemplary public service performance each month. In addition to streamlining
the criteria, updated PSHR categories will combine some now-separate areas
of qualifying performance into a single category. The new regime also will
readjust point credits and, in some cases, point limits for individual

Among the most significant changes is a revised schedule to earn points for
participating in planned or unplanned public service activities. Current
criteria provide 10 points for each event, with no limit, for "participating
in a communications network for a public service event." Under the new
criteria, stations can earn unlimited PSHR points at the rate of five per
hour of participation in scheduled, short-term public service events.
Participants now also may credit certain time spent planning and
coordinating activities toward their total. Stations can earn unlimited
points at the same rate for participating on the scene during an unplanned
emergency response or as part of an unplanned incident request for Amateur
Radio participation by a public or served agency.

The ARRL Board of Directors adopted the program changes--proposed by the
ARRL Volunteer Resources Committee--at its January meeting. The revisions,
the first in 11 years, resulted from comments expressed by the Amateur Radio
public service community during a 2001 survey.

"An ongoing challenge with PSHR is how to effectively balance the many
different facets of Amateur Radio public service communication," said ARRL
Field Organization/Public Service Team Manager Steve Ewald, WV1X. Ewald
conceded that the assignment of point values was "a delicate task." He said
the criteria attempt to present a balanced program without being too
complicated. The new criteria will recognize performance in six
categories--down from eight. The minimum point total will remain at 70.
Under the revised program:

* Participating in a public service net will earn 1 point per net session,
up to a maximum of 40 points.

* Handling formal messages will earn 1 point per message handled, up to a
maximum of 40 points.

* Serving in an ARRL-sponsored volunteer position is worth 10 points for
each position, up to a maximum of 30.

* Participating in scheduled, short-term public service events, including
off-the-air meetings and coordination efforts with related emergency groups
and served agencies, earns 5 points per hour, with no points limit.

* Participating on the scene in an unplanned emergency response or on or off
the scene as part of an unplanned incident request for Amateur Radio
participation by public or served agencies earns 5 points per hour, with no
points limit.

* Providing and maintaining either an automated digital system, such as a
packet bulletin board, to handle ARRL radiogram-formatted messages, or a Web
page e-mail listserver oriented toward Amateur Radio public service is worth
10 points per item.

Ewald said the August issue of QST will be the first to report PSHR
membership according to the revised criteria. For details, visit the PSHR
Web page <>.


The FCC has proposed changes to the Part 97 Amateur Service rules as a
result of actions taken at recent World Radiocommunication Conferences. In a
Notice of Proposed Rule Making in ET Docket 02-16, released February 7, the
FCC proposed to delete Section 97.401(b) from the rules along with
references to international footnote S.5120. 

Section 97.401(b) states that when normal communication systems are
overloaded, damaged or disrupted because of a natural disaster in an area
not regulated by the FCC, a station providing "essential communication" and
"facilitating relief actions" may only do so in accord with ITU Resolution
640, which, under S.5120, specified use of the 80, 75, 40, 30, 20 17, 15, 12
and 2-meter bands. Resolution 640 was eliminated at WRC-97, and S.5120 at
WRC-2000. The FCC said US amateurs can continue to communicate with foreign
stations in disaster areas under Section 97.111(a)(1) and Section 97.101(c).

In a footnote, the FCC pointed out that WRC-2000 deleted international
footnote S.5124, which had allocated the band 3950 to 4000 kHz to the
broadcasting service for domestic use in Canada. "Once the Canadian
Government has implemented this allocation change, the band 3500-4000 kHz
will be allocated exclusively to the amateur service in Canada," the FCC


Propagation prophet Tad Cook, K7VVV, Seattle, Washington, reports: This was
another quiet week for geomagnetic conditions. Average planetary A index
declined slightly from 6 to 5.4, and all daily geo-indices were in the
single digits. This was great for the CQ WW 160 Meter Contest last weekend.

Solar flux and sunspot numbers rose. Combined with low K and A indices, this
indicates good HF radio conditions. Average daily sunspot numbers rose more
than 45 points from last week, and average daily solar flux was up nearly
five points.

Solar flux has been hanging around 200, and this is expected to continue.
Current projections show flux values right around 200 over the next several
weeks, but of course new solar activity could emerge to change this.

On Thursday a minor geomagnetic storm began around 1700 UTC. Planetary A
indices reached 17, a level not reached in the quiet conditions of the past
few weeks. Conditions will probably quiet down in time for the phone weekend
of the ARRL International DX Contest (SSB), which begins Saturday (UTC).

Sunspot numbers for February 21 through 27 were 148, 161, 176, 191, 237, 223
and 192, with a mean of 189.7. The 10.7-cm flux was 201.1, 191.9, 188.2,
192.8, 210.6, 207.5 and 198.6, with a mean of 198.7. Estimated planetary A
indices were 6, 5, 4, 4, 7, 8 and 4 with a mean of 5.4.



* This weekend on the radio: The ARRL International DX Contest (SSB) and the
Open Ukraine RTTY Championship are the weekend of March 2-3. JUST AHEAD: The
North American Sprint (RTTY), SARL Field Day, the RSGB Commonwealth Contest
(CW), the Great Lakes QSO Party, the UBA Spring Contest (CW), and the
Wisconsin QSO Party are the weekend of March 9-10. See the ARRL Contest
Branch page, <> and the WA7BNM Contest
Calendar, <> for more info.

* Amateur Radio Emergency Communications Course registration: Registration
for the Level I Amateur Radio Emergency Communications Course (EC-001) will
open Monday, March 4, 2002, at 4 PM Eastern Time. Registration for Level II
will open on Monday, March 11; registration for Level III will open March
18. Courses must be completed in order, starting with Level I. To learn
more, visit the ARRL Certification and Continuing Education Web page
<> and the C-CE Links found there. For more
information, contact Certification and Continuing Education Coordinator Dan
Miller, K3UFG, 

* Hiram Percy Maxim program to air again: The life of Hiram Percy Maxim will
be profiled in original films and interviews Saturday, March 2, 7:30 PM on
Boston TV station WCVB (channel 5) on the Chronicle news magazine. The show
originally aired April 3, 2001. The program deals with recently discovered
early films of New England. "Few people today realize that Hiram Percy Maxim
was not only the founder of the ARRL but also the founder in 1924 of the
Amateur Cinema League," says program producer Art Donahue, KA1GGG. "He
chronicled his own life in hundreds of 16-mm movies from 1924 until his
death in 1936." Donahue says the films were donated by his daughter, Percy
Maxim Lee and his grandson, Hiram Percy Maxim II, to the Hartford,
Connecticut, Public Library and Northeast Historic Film in Bucksport, Maine.
The program uses this footage along with interviews with Percy Maxim Lee,
Perry Williams, W1UED, the ARRL's former Washington, DC, representative, and
David Weiss of Northeast Historic Film. Also shown is Maxim Memorial Station
W1AW at ARRL Headquarters. The program also can be seen on many cable
systems throughout New England and the Canadian Maritimes. 

* Ducie Island DXpedition launch in final countdown: The Daily DX reports
that plans for the Ducie Island DXpedition of 2002 are now complete, and the
group is in the final countdown phase. Approved last fall as a DXCC entity,
Ducie has not yet been activated--which places it at the top of everyone's
most-wanted list. The team expects to leave French Polynesia March 12. The
first stop will be at Pitcairn Island to pick up supplies and equipment left
from the first Ducie attempt last fall. The team then will proceed to Ducie
Island for a one-week operation. Current plans call for round-the-clock CW
and SSB operation on 15 meters (21.020 and 21.295 MHz). There will be some
operation on all bands, 160 through 6 meters, CW, SSB and RTTY. HF QSLs go
to VE3HO; 6-meter QSLs go via JA1BK.

* Congo, North Cook and South Cook operations approved for DXCC credit:
Supporting documentation for the 9Q0AR (Democratic Republic of Congo),
ZK1TUG (North Cook Islands) and ZK1ETW (North and South Cook Islands)
operations during 2001 has been received and reviewed. The ARRL DXCC Desk
has announced that these operations now are being accepted for DXCC credit.
Those who previously submitted cards for any of these operations and were
denied credit may contact DXCC <>; and have their records
updated without having to resubmit cards. Operators also may include 9Q0AR,
ZK1TUG and ZK1ETW cards with their next submissions. For more information,
contact Century Clubs Manager Bill Moore, NC1L,

* Rare DXpeditions enjoy QSO: The DXpedition team at PW0T on Trindade and Ed
Giorgadze, P5/4L4FN, in North Korea, worked each other on February 23 at
2230 UTC on 15-meter SSB. The scheduled contact was arranged by the pilot
stations for each group--Rod Ingram, WC7N, for PW0T, and Bruce Paige, KK5DO,
for P5/4L4FN. Giorgadze, from the Republic of Georgia, has been operating
with oral permission from North Korean authorities, SSB only at this point.
Neither operation has been approved for DXCC credit.--Bruce Paige, KK5DO;
The Daily DX 

* More DX records set on 241 GHz: Brian Justin, WA1ZMS, says he and Pete
Lascell, W4WWQ, set several new DX records for the 241-GHz band on February
23. "We first worked over a distance of 3.8 km, then 6.1 km, and finally 7.3
km (approximately 4.5 miles), at which point we ran out of signal margin for
the weather conditions at the time," he explained. The former world record
was 2 km, and the former North American record was 1 km. Justin said the
operation took place in Virginia (FM07ji). Justin said the stations used
were improved versions of the ones used last December to set the former
North American DX record. "Frequency drift was still a problem, however, and
with weak signals, several repeats of the exchanges were needed to complete
the 6.1 and 7.3 km QSOs," Justin said. He theorized that less-humid weather
conditions would lead to better "DX" on the band. For more information and
an audio clip, visit the Mount Greylock Expeditionary Force Web site

* Wisconsin SM urges hams to push for governor's signature: Wisconsin
Section Manager Don Michalski, W9IXG, is calling on amateurs in his section
to urge Gov Scott McCallum to sign AB368, the Amateur Radio FCC PRB-1
Amateur Radio Antenna Protection Act. "If you have not sent a letter or
e-mail to his office supporting AB368, please do so now!" Michalski said
this week. He said McCallum's recent comments on emergency preparedness and
public safety offer an opportunity to remind the governor that amateurs "are
in concert with the governor's efforts to back our emergency services, and
that we amateurs provide a valuable, free service" in supporting emergency
response efforts. Once the measure reaches the governor's desk, he'll have
until the end of April to sign the legislation. Additional information on
AB368 is on the Wisconsin legislative Web site
<> (under "2001 Legislative Activity" click on
"Enrolled Bills" and then on "Enrolled AB368" at the left). To contact Gov
McCallum, send e-mail to, fax 608-267-8983, or mail
to The Office of the Governor, 115 East State Capitol, Madison, WI 53702. 

* QSO/Media ham radio public relations newsletter available on the Web:
QSO/Media, a bimonthly public relations newsletter for those interested in
Amateur Radio public relations and publicity is now available on the ARRL
Web site. Each issue contains helpful articles and tips to assist PR
volunteers with local publicity efforts.

* Vote on QST Cover Plaque Award: The winner of the QST Cover Plaque Award
for February was Brian Wood, W0DZ, for his article "The Return of the Slide
Rule Dial." Congratulations, Brian! The winner of the QST Cover Plaque
award--given to the author of the best article in each issue--is determined
by a vote of ARRL members. Voting takes place each month on the Cover Plaque
Poll Web page, <>. As soon as
your copy arrives, cast a ballot for your favorite article in the March 2002
issue of QST. Voting ends March 31.

The ARRL Letter is published Fridays, 50 times each year, by the American
Radio Relay League--The National Association For Amateur Radio--225 Main St,
Newington, CT 06111; tel 860-594-0200; fax 860-594-0259; Jim Haynie, W5JBP, President

The ARRL Letter offers a weekly e-mail digest of essential news of interest
to active amateurs. The ARRL Letter strives to be timely, accurate, concise,
and readable. Visit ARRLWeb at for the latest news,
updated as it happens. The ARRLWeb Extra at offers ARRL members access to
informative features and columns.

Material from The ARRL Letter may be republished or reproduced in whole or
in part in any form without additional permission. Credit must be given to
The ARRL Letter and The American Radio Relay League.

==>Delivery problems (ARRL member direct delivery only!):
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The ARRL Letter

The ARRL Letter offers a weekly summary of essential news of interest to active amateurs that is available in advance of publication in QST, our official journal. The ARRL Letter strives to be timely, accurate, concise and readable.

Much of the ARRL Letter content is also available in audio form in ARRL Audio News.

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